Now one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled after David. He accused Ahimelech and David of conspiracy against him (, you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, ). Also, notice how Saul referred to David: “the son of Jesse.” He didn’t say, “The Man Who Killed Goliath,” or “The Man Who Killed 200 Philistines,” or “The Man Anointed by God.” Saul knew that David came from a family of simple farmers, so he called him by the humblest name he could think of – the son of Jesse. Now Eli was very old; and he heard all that his sons were doing to all Israel, and how they lay with the women who served at the doorway of the tent of meeting. b. Till I know what God will do for me: David doesn’t know the whole story. He became paranoid and whiny, and he led through guilt and accusation. Oriental princes frequently sit with their court under some shady canopy in the open air. : David doesn’t know the whole story. 1 Samuel 2:23. : God called an unlikely and unique group to David in the Adullam cave. 1 Samuel 22. b. I have caused the death of all the persons of your father’s house. b. You love all devouring words, you deceitful tongue. So he became captain over them. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Psalm 57 shows David with a prayerful heart: I will cry out to God Most High, to God who performs all things for me. When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there. is important. (4-9) The manner of a king. In the lesser way, David’s lying to Ahimelech made the priest vulnerable before Saul. Then answered Doeg the Edomite, who was set over the servants of Saul, and said, “I saw the son of Jesse going to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. He also thought that David was out to kill him (, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, as the victim, that David and Ahimelech were, For your servant knew nothing of all this, little or much, : Ahimelech told the exact truth. These men all came to David when he was down and out, hunted and despised. : David took his parents to Moab because his great-grandmother Ruth was a Moabite (Ruth 4:18-22, 1:4). We will examine the text under three headings: 1) Samuel’s rhetorical question, 2) Samuel’s rebuke, and 3) the reasons for Samuel’s rebuke. David at Adullam, Many resort to him. d. All of you have conspired against me… there is not one of you who is sorry for me: In his fleshly, self-focused world, everything revolved around Saul. Now Eli was very old.] Psalm 57 shows a heart of trusting praise to the LORD: I will praise You, O LORD, among the peoples; I will sing to You among the nations… Be exalted, O God, above the heavens; let Your glory be above all the earth. And Abiathar told David that Saul had killed the LORD’s priests. Far be it from me! : Saul appealed to the truly worst in these men, asking them if a man from Judah will favor the tribe of Benjamin with riches and promotions. David received God’s word. David therefore departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam. Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:20-23 (Read 1 Samuel 22:20-23) David greatly lamented the calamity. He works through called men and women, but He also calls others to stand with and support those men and women. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. For he who seeks my life seeks your life, but with me you shall be safe.”, a. I knew that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul: David showed how he felt about this in Psalm 52, which says in its title A Contemplation of David when Doeg the Edomite went and told Saul, and said to him, “David has gone to the house of Ahimelech.”, i. Psalm 57 shows David with a prayerful heart: I will cry out to God Most High, to God who performs all things for me. The evil government of Samuel's sons. a. And there were about four hundred men with him. discontented gathered to him. When Israel needed deliverance from Egypt, God didn’t call a committee. So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck the priests, : Doeg, who was not a Jew but an Edomite, didn’t hesitate to murder the priests and their families. a. Most archaeologists believe that the Cave of Adullam was not too far from the place where David defeated Goliath, in the hills of Judah. And the king said, “You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you and all your father’s house!” Then the king said to the guards who stood about him, “Turn and kill the priests of the LORD, because their hand also is with David, and because they knew when he fled and did not tell it to me.” But the servants of the king would not lift their hands to strike the priests of the LORD. Will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards, make you all captains of thousands and captains of hundreds? 22 David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. Doeg was detained before the LORD at the tabernacle (1 Samuel 21:7) but it didn’t change his heart at all. 2 All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered around him, and he became their commander. ii. under a tree in Ramah--literally, "under a grove on a hill." We know from both 1 Samuel and the Psalms that David turned his heart back to the LORD and asked forgiveness after his lies to Ahimelech.