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Twenty-nine species of ducks, grebes, loons, cormorants, and gallinules have been observed in the mangrove habitats of south Florida. At the same time, these activities will support teaching STEM while also creating awareness about mangroves and threats posed to them. Three methods: di-rect observation with light microscopy, scanning elec-tron microscopy and the leaf washing method, were compared to study the phylloplane fungi on Kandelia candel and Aegiceras corniculatum which are the most common mangrove trees in Hong Kong. Cited by. @article{Dsouza2013BiodiversityOA, title={Biodiversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) fungi in mangroves of Goa in West India}, author={J. However, Halophytophthora species and thraustochytrids in mangroves rapidly colonize leaf … Seasonal dynamics of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungal community composition in three common mangrove plant species, namely, Acanthus ilicifolius, Excoecaria agallocha, and Rhizophora mucronata, from two sites in Goa, India, were investigated. Dispersal and geographical distribution of mangrove fungi are discussed. A total number of 131 species belonging to 77 genera have so far been reported from the three regions. Studies on the occurrence and diversity of AM fungi from different mangrove plants have been documented [2, 10]. fungi in all the sampling stations during the study period was in conformity with the diversity studies of Maria and Sridhar (2002). Article in press - uncorrected proof Botanica Marina 53 (2010): 545–554 2010 by 1999-05-11 00:00:00 Intertidal wood and decaying Rhizophora mucronata prop roots were collected from five mangrove stands in Mauritius. Fungal surveys in mangroves have focused mainly on taxonomic diversity of saprophytic fungi retrieved from intertidal, floating or immersed, pieces of trees and wood debris [9]. The present study showed that fungi in mangrove roots are composed of a consortium of soil, marine, and freshwater fungi.Key words: mangroves, endophytes, fungi, diversity, India. The entire Everglades population of the wood stork nests only in mangroves. doi: 10.1007/s11676-013-0342-0 Google Scholar Feng G, Zhang FS, Li XL, Tian CY, Tang C, Rengel Z (2002) Improved tolerance of maize plants to salt stress by arbuscular mycorrhiza is related to higher accumulation of soluble sugars in roots. A large number Thus this host could be considered as one of the important hosts to investigate marine fungi. Table 3 Species richness, diversity and evenness of fungi recovered from all stations of Mangroves. Seventeen mangrove species of eight families at seven riverine and fringe habitats in Goa West India were surveyed for Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) fungal diversity. seasonal and vertical distributions of fungi were made by Sarma & Vittal16-19 and Sarma et al.20 from Godavari and Krishna deltaic mangroves in Andhra Pradesh state along east coast of India. Abstract. Biodiversity of marine fungi in Malaysian mangroves. Intertidal Fungi in Mauritian Mangroves Intertidal Fungi in Mauritian Mangroves Poonyth, A. D.; Hyde, K. D.; Peerally, A. J For 24(3):515–523. Mangroves also provide breeding habitat for wading birds. Abstract Senescent and decaying substrata were collected in selected Malaysian mangroves (prop roots, pneumatophores, overhanging branches and twigs of mangrove trees, driftwood) to study the diversity of marine mangrove fungi. Based on percentage of occurrence, the most In Fungi are important actors in ecological processes and trophic webs in mangroves. The genera of fungi found were considered to be of terrestrial origin indicating adaptation to the variable conditions found in mangroves. Explore all our latest news from the field Six AMF species belonging to the genera Glomus or Acaulospora were identified. D’Souza J, Rodrigues BF (2013b) Biodiversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi in mangroves of Goa, in West India. They found that Penicillium and Aspergillus were the dominant genera, followed by Trichoderma , Fusarium , Phoma , Talaromyces , Cladosporium , Eupenicillium , Gongronella , Microsphaeropsis , Mucor , Stilbella and Thielavia . Keywords: Endophytic fungi, Epiphytic fungi, Illumina MiSeq sequencing, ITS2, Mangroves, Network structure Background The interaction between plant and microbial communi-ties drives the maintenance of biodiversity, community stability, and ecosystem functioning [1]. 2. Mature mangroves yield a rich species diversity while exposed shores or depauperate habitats support few fungi. However, no studies have been reported on the seasonal dynamics of AM fungi in mangroves. nov.. Australian Systematic Biology 3:711-718. Some fungi, chiefly host specific ones, have a limited distribution, while omnivorous species are found in mangroves … In the present paper the work done on diversity and ecology of fungi on mangroves … These activities will provide new data regarding pathogens in mangroves and will be used to help confirm the species of fungi we suspect is the pathogen. Rhizophora plant species are highly suitable hosts as they show a variety of niches with vertical zonation, specificity, preferential colonization and succession. The availability of fungal propagules in the sea on substratum colonization is poorly researched. An overview on the diversity and ecology of fungi colonizing litter of mangroves in Bay of Bengal region (mangroves of Godavary and Krishna deltas of Andhra Pradesh, Pichavaram of Tamil Nadu, and Andaman and Nicobar Islands) are presented in this paper. Parasitic species cause such diseases as 'die-back' of mangroves , but the majority are saprophytic on wood debris and leaf litter, contributing as decomposers to the mangrove ecosystem's food chain. Intertidal mangrove fungi from the west coast of Mexico, including one new genus and two new species. AMF were mostly found in the form of hyphae and were commonly associated with all the mangrove species we investigated. In this paper, spore density and species richness pattern of AM fungi in relation to seasons have been elucidated. One hun-dred and thirty-nine marine fungi were fully identified to specific level (115 Ascomycota, 2 Basidiomycota, 22 ana-morphic taxa). These mangrove fungi References Chandralata, R., 1999. Seedlings of mangrove species were tested for AM colonization through root clearing and staining technique. Methodology 2.1. reported 57 fungal species isolated from parts of mangroves in Boracay and Pagbilao from 2002 until now and Besitulo et al (2010) reported 66 species of fungi from Siargao Island, Mindanao. Many methods have been used to study phylloplane fungi, most of which have constraints and may result in biased results. View Biodiversity of marine fungi in Malaysian mangroves.pdf from SCIENCE 108 at Goethe University Frankfurt. View all 73 citing articles. These floating/diving birds feed on fishes, plant materials, and invertebrates. Sixteen species were found to be mycorrhizal and one species showed no AM fungal Fungi associated with mangroves are especially well documented. The higher marine fungi on the samples were identified and their percentage occurrence noted. fungi in Hong Kong mangroves. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in two mangroves in South China Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in two mangroves in South China Wang, Yutao; Qiu, Qiu; Yang, Zhongyi; Hu, Zhijian; Tam, Nora; Xin, Guorong 2010-06-01 00:00:00 The symbiosis between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and mangrove plant species was investigated in two mangrove swamps in south China. Knowledge of occurrence of marine fungi in the eastern mangrove is almost absent. 1.2.3 Bioactive secondary metabolites from fungi and endophytic fungi 8 1.2.4 Mangrove endophytic fungi 9 1.2.5 Biotechnology of mangrove endophytic fungi 9 1.3 South China Sea 10 1.3.1 Geographical region 10 1.3.2 Mangroves in South China Sea region 10 1.3.3 Mangrove plant diversity 11 Diversity estimates pointed to 625 marine fungi species associated with mangrove forests, and 269 related to mangrove roots . Fungi are growing on mangroves from different parts of the world, the species diversity and seasonal occurrence of fungi on seedlings of mangroves 35. Hyde K. D. 1992. described fungi growing on mangroves from different parts of the world but information of Manglicolous fungi of Pakistan remains so far non existent. In mangroves, no other genus other than Rhizophora accommodates as many as 201 marine fungi. Rhizophora mucronata is an important ecosystem entity of the Malaysian mangrove forest. Distribution of Fungi in Mangrove Soil of Coastal Areas at Nabq and Ras Mohammed Protectorates Ahmed M. A. Khalil*, Hussein H. El-sheikh and Mahmoud H. Sultan Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of science, Al Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt *Corresponding author ABSTRACT Introduction Fungi are distributed throughout nature Phyllosphere fungi are an important component of microbial commu- Sixteen sites of Bhitarkanika mangrove areas were surveyed for the collection of roots and soil samples. Fungi may occur as saprophytes, symbiotically or as a parasite in the mangrove ecosystem and these fungi belong to both the lower class, such as oomycetes and thraustochytrids, and the upper class, such as ascomycetes and basidiomycetes. Intertidal fungi from warm temperate mangroves of Australia, including Tunicatispora australiensis, gen. et sp. … Endophytic fungal diversity of 2 sand dune wild legumes from the southwest coast of India. Malaysian mangroves (prop roots, pneumatophores, over-hanging branches and twigs of mangrove trees, driftwood) to study the diversity of marine mangrove fungi. Mangrove fungi in India Mangroves are coastal wetland forests e sta-blished at the intertidal zones of estua ries, backwaters, deltas, creeks, lagoons, marshes and mudflats of tropical and sub - Fungal surveys in mangroves have focused mainly on taxonomic diversity of saprophytic fungi retrieved from intertidal, floating or immersed, pieces of trees and wood debris . A study was carried out to assess the species diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi in different salinity zones of Bhitarkanika mangroves of Orissa, India. Fungi belong to the Kingdom Eumycota, and are usually found on living mangrove plants or on dead decaying vegetation, as saprophytes, parasites or symbionts. Diversity estimates pointed to 625 marine fungi species associated with mangrove forests, and 269 related to mangrove roots [10]. Seasonal dynamics of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungal community composition in three common mangrove plant species, namely, Acanthus ilicifolius, Excoecaria agallocha, and Rhizophora mucronata, from two sites in Goa, India, were investigated. The present study was therefore carried out to fill in this important lacuna existing in the mangroves ecosystem studies of the area. Since the species grows in a harsh environment, any organism that is isolated from this species would be of huge interest due to its potential in having novel bioactive compounds. The symbiosis between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and mangrove plant species was investigated in two mangrove swamps in south China. Although saprophytic fungi occurring in the intertidal part of mangrove have been well studied, little is known about the diversity and structure of the fungal communities in this ecosystem or about the importance of functional groups like pathogens and mutualists.

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