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verbascum thapsus history


Access supplemental materials and multimedia. [62], Seed of Verbascum thapsus has been recorded from part of the Cromer Forest Bed series and at West Wittering in Sussex from some parts of the Ipswichian interglacial layers. 105 viride, ii. [55], A given flower is open only for a single day, opening before dawn and closing in the afternoon. The History of the British Flora, A Factual Basis for Phytogeography by, "Element Stewardship Abstract for Verbascum thapsus", "Verbascum oreophilum var. [67] It is also a potential reservoir of the cucumber mosaic virus, Erysiphum cichoraceum (the cucurbit powdery mildew) and Texas root rot. "Mullein" itself derives from the French word for "soft". With noun/verb tables for the different cases and tenses links to audio pronunciation and … [10] Effective (when used with a surfactant) contact herbicides include glyphosate,[9][12] triclopyr[9] and sulfurometuron-methyl. These make the plant a potential reservoir for overwintering pests. Diese Pflanze wird schon seit langem in der pflanzlichen Heilkunde (Phytotherapie) angewendet. A molyhos ökörfarkkóró (Verbascum thapsus) a görvélyfűfélék (Scrophulariaceae) családjába tartozó növényfaj, amelynek természetes élőhelyei Európában, Észak-Afrikában és Ázsiában vannak. [9][10][12] Visitors include halictid bees and hoverflies. Journal of Ecology publishes original research papers on all aspects [1], A species of mullein in the family Scrophulariaceae native to Europe, northern Africa, and Asia, and introduced in the Americas and Australia, The lectotypification is usually attributed to Arthur Huber-Morath (1971). You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. (7) In the common garden, plants from southern populations began to bolt and flower earlier than those from the other populations. nigrum). [13] Flowering lasts up to three months from early to late summer (June to August in northern Europe),[4] with flowering starting at the bottom of the spike and progressing irregularly upward; each flower opens for part of a day and only a few open at the same time around the stem. Geographic subdivisions for Verbascum thapsus: CA-FP, n SNE, MP : MAP CONTROLS 1. Overview; Gallery; Names; Classification; Records; Literature; Sequences; Data Partners + Online Resources. Pain (mainly ear) and deafness – This medicine cures pain mainly in the ears and pain that continues to the throat and neck. The flowers are almost sessile, with very short pedicels (2 mm, 0.08 in). It is a common weedy plant that spreads by prolifically producing seeds, and has become invasive in temperate world regions. search Search the Wayback Machine. Most population differences in length of these periods were maintained in the common garden. Although this plant is a recent arrival to North America, Native Americans used the ground seeds of this plant as a paralytic fish poison due to their high levels of rotenone. [6][note 1] The plant produces small, ovoid (6 mm, 0.24 in) capsules that split open by way of two valves, each capsule containing large numbers of minute, brown seeds less than 1 mm (0.04 in)[12] in size, marked with longitudinal ridges. (2) Vegetative individuals colonize a disturbed site for only a few growing seasons after disturbance. [3][4] The leaves are large, up to 50 cm long. Verbascum thapsus Second-year plant starting to flower, with a dead stem of the previous year, behind left Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Lamiales Family: Scrophulariaceae Genus: Verbascum Species: V. thapsus Binomial name Verbascum thapsus Linnaeus Verbascum thapsus, the great mullein or common mullein, is a species of mullein native to Europe, northern Africa, and Asia, and introduced in the Americas and ", In book 25, Pliny describes "two principal kinds [of verbascum]" thought to be. [10] This dormancy is linked to starch degradation activated by low temperatures in the root, and gibberellin application bypasses this requirement. Texas plants also flowered for a longer period and their capsules dehisced later. The BES's many activities include the publication of a range of scientific literature, including five internationally renowned journals, the organisation and sponsorship of a wide variety of meetings, the funding of numerous grant schemes, education work and policy work. [7], On flowering plants, the leaves are alternately arranged up the stem. [9] Useful insects are also hosted by great mullein, including predatory mites of the genera Galendromus, Typhlodromus and Amblyseius, the minute pirate bug Orius tristicolor[67] and the mullein plant bug (Campylomma verbasci). California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. (× V. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. By 1818, it had begun spreading so much that Amos Eaton thought it was a native plant. emphasized (Bu ¨ rgi and Gimmi 2007). Mullein (Verbascum thapsus ) also known as great mullein, is a dramatic biennial herb of the Scrophulariaceae or figwort family. A recent revision led its author to maintain V. giganteum but sink V. crassifolium into synonymy. [80], Roman soldiers are said to have dipped the plant stalks in grease for use as torches. [19], The taxonomy of Verbascum has not undergone any significant revision since Svanve Mürbeck's monographies in the 1930s, with the exception of the work of Arthur Huber-Morath, who used informal group in organizing the genus for the florae of Iran and Turkey to account for many intermediate species. Most of the pests found were western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis), Lygus species such as the tarnished plant bug (L. lineolaris), and various spider mites from the family Tetranychidae. p. 223) analyzed the flow- ers of Verbascum Thapsus, and obtained a yellow volatile oil, a fatty ...ii. ), the Great Mullein, is a widely distributed plant, being found all over Europe and in temperate Asia as far as the Himalayas, and in North America is exceedingly abundant as a naturalized weed in the eastern States. Under better growing conditions, some individuals flower in the first year. I think they mean the word fruit botanically (fleshy seed case) and not as in anything edible by humans 12:37 Fri 18th Sep 2020. tamborine. Subsp. [3] Due to its morphological variation, V. thapsus has had a great many subspecies described. 3. [11], For the purpose of botanical nomenclature, Verbascum thapsus was first described by Carl Linnaeus in his 1753 Species Plantarum. The information rendered in the . Those that germinate in autumn produce plants that overwinter if they are large enough, while rosettes less than 15 cm (6 in) across die in winter. [44][45][46][47] It has also been reported in Japan. [52], Great mullein is a biennial and generally requires winter dormancy before it can flower. The vision of the British Ecological Society is to advance ecology and make it count. is published six times a year. Papers When a lectotype (type selected amongst original material) was designated, it was assigned to specimen 242.1 of Linnaeus' herbarium, the only V. thapsus specimen. Verbascum. [69] The plant's ability to host both pests and beneficials makes it potentially useful to maintain stable populations of insects used for biological control in other cultures, like Campylomma verbasci and Dicyphus hesperus (Miridae), a predator of whiteflies. [79] It was also part of the National Formulary in the United States[75] and United Kingdom. [7] All occur in Eurasia,[7] and three, V. × kerneri Fritsch, V. × pterocaulon Franch. The common mullein (V. thapsus) grows 0.6 to 2 metres (2 to 7 feet) tall, has a single, unbranched stem with large, The plant produces a shallow taproot. All Rights Reserved. [5] The tall, pole-like stems end in a dense spike of flowers[3] that can occupy up to half the stem length. crassifolium were originally described as species. Durham, NC: Duke University. 12:27 Fri 18th Sep 2020. tamborine. [17][20] Introduced American populations show much less variation. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. At least five species of mullein have naturalize… is available at http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118509661/home. Seed dispersion requires the stem to be moved by wind or animal movement; 75% of the seeds fall within 1 m of the parent plant, and 93% fall within 5 m.[10], Megachilid bees of the genus Anthidium use the hair (amongst that of various woolly plants) in making their nests. [67], Other insects commonly found on great mullein feed exclusively on Verbascum species in general or V. thapsus in particular. It belongs to the Scrophulariaceae family, and its origin is mainly European although it is also natural from Asia, Africa, and North America. Biomass partitioning, life history, and population dynamics of common mullein (Verbascum thapsus L.). [1] As for many plants, (Pliny the Elder described it in his Naturalis Historia),[note 5] great mullein was linked to witches,[31] although the relationship remained generally ambiguous, and the plant was also widely held to ward off curses and evil spirits. need to integrate history into forest ecology is further. are accepted, as well as studies of the interactions between plants and animals, [31][75] The Zuni people, however, use the plant in poultices of powdered root applied to sores, rashes and skin infections. [78] The German Commission E describes uses of the plant for respiratory infections. 72(3): 897-912. While year of flowering and size are linked to the environment, most other characteristics appear to be genetic. Books to Borrow. It also hosts many insects, some of which can be harmful to other plants. They include mullein thrips (Haplothrips verbasci),[67] Gymnaetron tetrum (whose larva consume the seeds) and the mullein moth (Cucullia verbasci). [11] The hair on lower stamens may serve to provide footholds for visitors. From treating the flu to ear infections to diarrhea, this plant has a long history in medicine. [70][71] A number of pest Lepidoptera species, including the stalk borer (Papaipema nebris) and gray hairstreak (Strymon melinus), also use V. thapsus as a host plant. Verbascum thapsus L. Great Mullein species Accepted Name authority: UKSI Establishment means: Native. Some of the more whimsical ones included "hig candlewick", "indian rag weed", "bullicks lungwort", "Adams-rod", "hare's-beard" and "ice-leaf". The journal does not publish papers Background: Verbascum thapsus is used in tribal medicine as an antispasmodic, anti-tubercular agent and wormicide. A white-flowered form, V. thapsus f. candicans, is known to occur. The second-year plants normally produce a single unbranched stem, usually 1–2 m tall. It never has been used for food but traditionally has been … that looks like it woofy, it mentions fruit? They are also used as emollient applications to hard tumours and in pulmonary complaints in cattle hence one of its popular names is Bullock’s Lung-wort. To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep.

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